The gout diet is probably one of the main measures aimed at the rapid removal of pain and the normalization of metabolism in the body.
Gout is a systemic disease that disrupts uric acid metabolism. Gout is often recurrent, with exacerbations in the background of well-being. Sodium urate salts accumulate in the ligature apparatus, articular joints, cartilage membranes, and so on. Sh. Most often goiter is observed in people who do not control their food intake, often consume meat, spicy foods and alcohol. The sedentary rhythm of life, emotional shock, chronic stress can exacerbate a predisposition to disease. Inherited disease transmission factor also occurs, especially if the lifestyle described above is adopted in the family. Gout starts acutely, most often at night. Primarily, the pain is localized to the large joints of the fingers, ankles, elbows, and knees. The pain may last for a day, then subside and leaves a feeling of stiffness and friction in the joint. Attacks may recur, spread to other joints, the damaged joint is swollen, redness is noticeable. To alleviate the condition, a diet is prescribed based on reducing the amount of protein consumed at 0. 8-1 grams per kg. Body weight, which stops the body from producing uric acid.
Diet for gout on the feet
Gout is a fairly common pathology of the joints, the cause of gout is a disorder of normal metabolism in the body and specifically when sodium uric acid (its salt residue) accumulates in the articular sacs and ligaments.
The gout diet on the feet requires the patient to follow certain limits, which is allowed in the use of food, eat only in moderation and do not starve, more uric acid is produced during fasting and this causes the peak of pain. In case of overeating, the load on the urinary system increases and this also leads to excessive accumulation of uric acid. A patient with gout is contraindicated to eat meat, fish, meat and fish broths, animal fats, all smoked products, by-products, caviar. You will also need to refrain from eating beans, spices. In addition, a goiter diet for the feet involves a complete refusal to consume alcoholic beverages - beer, wine and other items. The patient is contraindicated in: chocolate, strong tea, coffee, cocoa, cakes with creams, raspberries, figs, grapes, spicy and salty cheese.
Diet for gout on the hands
Gout diet on the hands involves the stabilization of the percentage of urea in the body, as well as the general metabolism, excluding foods containing urea from the daily ration. However, the consumption of milk, eggs, fruits, vegetables, cheese is allowed, it is established that the percentage of purines in them is very low, moreover, they have a high energy value and perfectly satisfy hunger.
During gout, uric acid is most often deposited in the joints of the hands, causing inflammation and severe pain. At the peak of disease exacerbation the patient suffers from limited movement and pain. The first thing that can help you in such a moment is a strict diet with the exclusion of certain foods.
It is not recommended to use almost all types of meat, except vegetable broths, broths, sauces, aspic, smoked meats, packaged soups, fish caviar, fish, canned food, rich tea, coffee, cocoa, legumes, shelf life of products. Herbs, cakes with cream, chocolate, alcohol, figs, grapes, raspberries.
Limit daily consumption of cooked poultry and fish, tomatoes (no more than 3 per day), cauliflower, sauerkraut, bell peppers, celery, rhubarb and asparagus. You should also limit the amount of green onions and parsley, butter, milk.
The daily menu may include the following products: squid, shrimp, chicken eggs, vegetarian soups, low-fat cottage cheese, cheese, sour cream, various grains, bread, pasta, nuts, seeds, cabbage, various vegetables, honey, marmalade, marshmallow, marshmallow, marshmallow, Melons, avocados. Quasi, juices, compotes, various vegetable oils.
With strict adherence to a diet and proper medication treatment, painful spasms in the hands during movement will be reduced and the usual movements will not cause unbearable pain.
Diet for 6 gout
Diet for gout 6 has also been shown to treat diseases of the genitourinary system, diathesis with high levels of uric acid, oxalia, cystinuria. The aim of the meal is to normalize the production of uric acid, to restore the normal environment of the urine (from acid to alkali).
The benefits of dietary nutrition are a reduction in the intake of foods rich in purines, oxylic acid, and an excess amount of food in the daily menu, which can normalize metabolism. The products do not require special preparation, the preparation process is quite simple, but the meat and fish products must be boiled so that part of the purines come out of the products into the broth. In addition, based on the cooked products can be prepared a variety of main dishes, but keep in mind that meat can be eaten no more than 2-3 times a week at 150 grams, eating fish more often, but not in portions. More than 170 grams.
You should eat in fractions, 4-6 times a day, do not forget to drink enough fluids. Once in seven to ten days you can arrange unloading days, eating cottage cheese or fruit, kefir is also possible. On such days the patient needs to drink at least 2. 5 liters of fluid. Starvation is unacceptable as this can lead to complication of the disease.
The diet menu for 6 gout should meet the following standards: daily protein ratio 80-90 g, daily fat ratio 80-90 g, daily carbohydrate ratio 400 g; Number of calories per day 2600-2900 kcal; Retinol 0. 5 mg, thiamine 1. 5 mg, ascorbic acid 150 mg; Sodium 4 g, potassium 3, 5 g, calcium 0, 75 g and so on. Sh.
You can eat some lean fish, dairy products, cereals, eggs, vegetables, fruits, alkaline mineral water, weak tea.
Diet for 8 gout
Diet for gout 8 is prescribed if the patient has any degree of obesity. Obesity, as a result of overeating, puts extra strain on all systems of the body and exacerbates any ongoing disease. The essence of the diet is to eliminate excess fat in the tissues. The caloric content of the diet is supported by a high percentage of protein and a percentage reduction of fats and the virtual exclusion of carbohydrates (120-130 g of protein, 80 g of fat, 120 g of carbohydrates, calories - up to 2000).
The menu in Table 8 allows you to use: a little rye, wheat bread with bran, vegetable soups, 2-3 times a week you can eat some lean beef, chicken dishes, fish - hack, cod. Serve fish and meat stewed, boiled and baked. Cereal dishes and pasta are limited. Dairy products - kefir, low-fat cottage cheese. Eggs can be eaten in no more than 1-2 days. Berries and fruits can be eaten fresh and in the form of compotes, juices. Tea, weak coffee, fruit and vegetable juices are shown. Excluded from the menu: cakes, pasta, various sweets, rice grains and semolina, sweet fruits, grapes, any fatty or spicy foods are also contraindicated.
Diet menu for gout
The gout diet menu excludes purine-rich foods. Only by limiting the production of uric acid can the pain syndrome be alleviated. Diet should be followed quite seriously, fractional feeding - 4 times a day, starvation is categorically unacceptable - it stimulates the production of uric acid. It is important to note that dietary nutrition is just as important as medication. There are many variations on the diet, but many patients independently determine the approximate menu, based on differences in a particular organism, and based on the products allowed for consumption. Gout diet No. 6 is the most effective complex for gout diet therapy, but it is still better to explain certain nuances of nutrition to your doctor to avoid possible complications. So, consider a one day diet with gout:
- 1 Breakfast: Vegetable salad, fruit pie with millet, boiled egg.
- 2nd Breakfast: Rose broth, berry broth can be used.
- Lunch: noodles in milk, jelly.
- Afternoon Breakfast: Fresh Fruit.
- Dinner: cheese, vegetable stuffing, cabbage, weak tea.
The above menu is approximate as a dinner dish, you can prepare a vegetable stew or other hot dish. The nature of the dishes may vary, but one rule should be the same - you should eat a larger percentage of the food in liquid form.
Diet for a week with gout
A week diet with gout can be quite varied and tasty, the main thing is not to go overboard and prepare dishes only from the permitted products. No special culinary skills are required, special dishes are easy to prepare for gout sufferers and they are in many ways similar to vegetarian food.
In the acute period of the disease is prescribed a one-week strict diet for gout, in addition, the patient is prescribed a strict bed rest, medication prescribed by a doctor. Food should be mostly liquid, hunger is unacceptable, it is also important to drink about two liters of fluid a day. Example of a two-day diet with gout:
- Before eating: one cup of rose broth.
- 1 Breakfast: tea with milk, cabbage salad.
- 2 Breakfast: Vegetable juice.
- Lunch: borscht on vegetable broth, a piece of cooked meat with white sauce (not more than 100 gr. )
- Afternoon: One cup of rose broth.
- Dinner: buckwheat with milk, vegetable cabbage rolls.
- Before bedtime: Fruit juice.
- Before eating: one cup of rose broth.
- 1 Breakfast: tea with milk, beet salad with butter or sour cream.
- 2 Breakfast: Vegetable juice.
- Lunch: Vegetable soup with pearl barley, cabbage schnitzel.
- Afternoon: Fruit juice.
- Dinner: carrot cutlet, jelly.
- Before bed: watermelon or a glass of cottage cheese milk.
The list of dishes can be combined, do not forget that the effect of diet therapy can be achieved and fixed only if it is fully preserved.
Gout recipes are not complicated and do not require special preparation or a specific set of products.
Vegetable slices, salads:
- Cucumber and lettuce salad. Finely chop the vegetables, salt, you can add sour cream or low-fat cream.
- Vinaigrette. Boiled potatoes, carrots, beets cut into cubes, add chopped cucumber, apple, lettuce. Mix all ingredients, a little salt and mix with sunflower oil.
- Carrot salad with green peas. Grate the carrots, add the herbs and canned peas, add the low-fat sour cream.
- Potato soup. First the potatoes are boiled until they are cooked, then they are put in a strainer and diluted with broth to the desired state. Then add the white sauce, butter and eggs. Boil everything together for a few minutes, then serve with herbs and sour cream at the table.
- Milk vermicelli soup. First the vermicelli is boiled in water for about 5 minutes, then the boiled milk is added and the soup is boiled until the vermicelli is ready. At the end of cooking add butter, sugar.
Side dishes, desserts and sauces:
- Oatmeal with milk. Boil milk, add oatmeal, salt and sugar to taste, cook until softened. At the end of cooking add a little butter.
- ლეMlet. Grind the flour in a small amount of milk, then add the beaten eggs, the remaining milk, whisk everything again and place in a preheated oven at medium temperature.
- Sirnik. Mix cottage cheese with semolina, eggs until thick consistency, then form cheesecakes and roll in flour. Fry in butter and serve with warm tea.
- White sauce. Dry the flour in a pan until creamy, mix with butter, stir constantly. Add hot broth to the mixture and boil for 10 minutes.
Diet for exacerbation of gout
A gout aggravation diet is prescribed at the very first manifestation of the disease. Exacerbation most often begins at night as the first attack of acute arthritis of the metatarsophalangeal joint. Signs:
- Rapid development of clinical symptoms, reaching a maximum after 2-6 hours.
- Severe pain in the affected joint bag.
- Swelling and redness of the damaged joint.
- Disappearance of all manifestations of the disease after 5-14 days with restoration of motor activity.
The basic principle of treatment during exacerbation is to prevent the progression of the disease by establishing the correct lifestyle of the patient.
- Limit consumption of meat, meat broths, poultry, fish, by-products, seafood, beans). The diet should be rich in carbohydrates and milk proteins. Consume up to 2-3 liters of fluid per day.
- Refuse alcohol.
- Change the treatment regimen when prescribing diuretics.
The goiter exacerbation diet is prescribed for 10-14 days. The menu focuses on the use of liquid foods - sour, kisses, compotes, juices, weak teas, vegetable soups. It is useful to drink alkaline mineral water.
During the exacerbation, digestive disorders are observed, so it is important to follow a moderate diet. When the disease subsides, you can eat small amounts of meat and fish (not more than 1-2 times a week and 100-150 g). You can eat dairy products, vegetables, eggs, cereals, fruits.
An antipurine diet is a menu with products in which the uric acid content is almost minimal. Prescribe it for patients with gout, as well as those who have uratic nephrolithiasis, hyperuricemia, hyperuricosis.
Use of honey, coffee, chocolate, grapes and their products, broths (except vegetables), smoked meats, by-products, legumes, cakes, cream cakes, whole milk, sour cream, turkey, radish, fish, pork, cauliflower, alfalfa. It is completely forbidden.
Limit food intake: all boiled-smoked, coffee, tomatoes, herbs, plums, fat, butter.
You can eat: potatoes, various cereals, chicken, rabbit, carrots, beets, fresh cucumbers, pumpkin, low-fat sour cream and cottage cheese, low-fat kefir, watermelon, lemon, white cabbage, onion, garlic, white bread, chicken eggs, green tea, Low-fat sausage, boiled sausage.
An antipurine diet is prescribed for 10-14 days until the patient's condition improves. In addition, due to the state of health, the diet gradually includes more products, but according to the basic provisions of the diet. A drastic change in diet can lead to another aggravation and in this case you will have to start treatment again.
Diet for gout and arthritis
Diet Gout and arthritis, or "diseases of the nobility" as it is called, come down to one thing - restricting the intake of foods rich in uric acid.
Even without the use of the most expensive foreign medicines, there will be no recovery without diet. With proper diet, improvement occurs after one or two weeks, and under certain conditions of treatment, after one year, all restrictions and prohibitions on the use of products can be completely lifted.
Initially, it is worth giving up animal meat, meat and fish soups, by-products, sardines, herring, mackerel and alcohol.
Cut down on beef, sausages, fish, beans, radishes, cauliflower, spinach, cocoa, coffee.
Do not limit yourself to cereals, pasta, dairy products, cheese, eggs, jelly, butter. Vegetable soups can be made in vegetable broth, meat and fish are possible, but only cooked and not more than 1-2 times a week.
If there are no pathologies of the cardiovascular and urinary system, you can increase your daily fluid intake to 2-2, 5 liters per day. Useful in rose petals, berry juices, lime tea. Alkaline waters can be used from mineral waters.
Diet for gout and obesity
The gout and obesity diet is based on reducing the number of calories in the daily diet due to light and fast-absorbing carbohydrates, fats, and increasing the percentage of protein in the daily portion. This reduces body weight, restores fat metabolism and water-electrolyte balance.
In terms of composition, the daily norm of the diet No. 8 contains: proteins - 100-110 g, fats - 80-90 g (of which 50% is vegetable), carbohydrates - 120-150 g, kilocalories - 1600-1800. Only in a hospital with severe obesity is a diet prescribed with an energy value of 1200 kcal.
It should be consumed in fractions, 5-6 times a day, in small quantities. You can calculate the portion weight using a kitchen scale, while the delivery volume is achieved through vegetables, it gives a feeling of satiety and also does not create a stressful situation for the body and the diet can be followed for a long time. Of time. It is better to cook, boil, bake dishes and it is better to reduce the consumption of fried, chopped dishes.
Fluid in diet No. 8 should be adjusted in the amount of 1, 2-1, 5 liters. For example - no more than half a cup of soup, no more than 5-6 glasses of liquid per day, salt - about 5 g, give up spices and alcohol. Can be used in seafood (if there are no contraindications).
If you follow a diet and later incorporate physical activity into your daily routine, you can speed up the recovery process and restore metabolism, ensuring a positive result.
Of course, with the prescription of a dietitian, you can stop acute attacks of gout, but its complete cure is possible only with drug therapy. Therefore, when the first signs appear, you should immediately consult a clinic specialist to avoid the development of severe systemic changes. Self-medication and neglect of gout diet prescription are absolutely contraindicated.